Sami society is a group of indigenous people who live in northern Norway. The Sami people have lived in Norway for 11,000 years. Most of them live in tents called lavoo. Sami people have long lived side by side and together with reindeer for as long as they’ve been in Norway. If you visit Norway, you can try reindeer sledding with the Sami people. Sami society also has a traditional dress named kolt. They actually still wear this traditional clothing every day. The outfit is blue and red, with embroidery and a high collar. There is also a head covering to protect them when there is a snowstorm. It is made of reindeer fur and usually has a distinctive woven Sami pattern of tribe and is red. Sami society also has some interesting festivals held each year, including:
- Sami National Day
The festival is held on February 6 and was started in 1970. In the town of Oslo and Tromso, Sami National Day is celebrated with deer racing, a lasso throwing competition, and a Sami market. In Finnmark, Sami National Day is celebrated in every school and church, and consists of Sami cultural performances.
- Easter Festival
To celebrate Easter and the end of winter, the Sami community gathers in Karasjok and Kautokeino. Usually they celebrate Easter with an Easter worship service, then they will hold other events, such as the Sami Grand Prix, an annual reindeer race, and an art exhibition featuring the Sami culture.
- Riddu Riđđu
This is a music festival held annually in Kafjord and Tromso. Most of the performers at the festival are descendants of the Sami people. In addition, to attract tourists, they also usually hold special events to introduce the Sami culture to the people.
If you are a culinary enthusiast, do not forget to try typical Sami food. Most traditional food comes from venison, fish, and beef. Some typical food of Sami tribe is:
- Bierggojubttsa: soup with meat, potatoes, carrots and other root vegetables
- Smoked reindeer
- Smoked salmon
- Bierggomales: a dish with chunks of beef, such as tongue, marrow and liver with typical Sami spices, and served in a hot pot
- Bread: the traditional bread is a flatbread (unleavened bread) made from flour, water and salt. Some typical flatbreads are Gáhkko, Stampa, Loaf, and Gárrpa.
In addition to the festival and food, the Sami people also make a traditional craft, called Duodji, which is a knife made of silver, wood and bone.
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